28 Nov 2014

History Behind of Buland Darwaja

History Behind of Buland Darwaja Shahid Ali khan 5 of 5
Buland Darwaja is situated inside Fatehpur Sikri that's located 43km far from Agra, Indi...

Buland Darwaja is situated inside Fatehpur Sikri that's located 43km far from Agra, India. The building was built in 1602 by Akbar. Buland word sense is great or high. As per its name Buland Darwaja is a largest entry gate of world. Due to great example of Hindu or Muslim architecture it’s also called gate of magnificence.

Buland Darwaja
Buland Darwaja 

The Buland Darwaja is made of red and buff sandstone, designed by white marble and towers over the patio of the mosque. The Buland Darwaja is symmetrical in arrangement and is beaten by expansive unattached stands, which are the chhatris. It additionally has at top focus the Buland Darwaja style top porch edge show stands on the top, adapted buckler-fortifications, little minar-towers, and enlightening decorate work with white and dark marble. On the outside a long flight of steps breadths down the slope giving the door extra stature. It is 40 meters high and 50 meters starting from the earliest stage. The aggregate tallness of the Structure is around 54 meters from the beginning. It is a 15-storied high portal that watches the southern door of the city of Fatehpur Sikri.

At Persian engraving on eastern entrance of the Buland Darwaja records Akbar's victory over Uttar Pradesh and the triumph in Gujarat in 1601. An engraving on the focal face of the Buland Darwaja tosses light on Akbar's religious wide mindedness. It took 12 years.

On the primary door an Islamic engraving written in Persian peruses "Isa (Jesus), Linda’s daughter told: “The world can be a Bridge, move over this, and however fabricate no habitations upon this. Who trusts for a day, might a response to forever; however the World perseveres yet one hour. Use this in petition to God for the rest will be unseen”.

13 Nov 2014

Red Fort in Agra City A Beautiful Architecture of Mugal

Red Fort in Agra City A Beautiful Architecture of Mugal Shahid Ali khan 5 of 5
Agra Red Fort is a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) ...

Agra Red Fort is a UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) declared World Heritage Site. This is located in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh State of India. It is also called the Red Fort. It’s about 2.5 km in the north-west; world famous monument Taj Mahal is located. Fort more accurately described as a walled city.

This is the most important fort in India.  India's Mughal emperor Babur, Akbar, Humayun,  Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb lived here. And they used to rule over India from here. Here was the most treasure, property and State Mint. Even foreign ambassadors, travelers and was thought to be well-placed people come, who created the history of India.

agra red fort
Agra Red Fort Figure 1
History of Agra Red Fort

It was originally a brick fort, which was held by Rajputs of Chauhan dynasty. Its first description comes in 1080, when Mahmud of gajnavi and his army were captured. Sikandar Lodi (1487-1517) was the first Sultan of Delhi Sultanate, who travelled to Agra, and lived in this Agra red Fort. He ruled from here over the country, and made the second of the country capital. He was died in the same Fort in 1517, after that his son, Ibrahim Lodi held nine years until he was lost and killed in first Panipat battle at 1526. He built many mosques and wells at several places here in period.

After the battle of Panipat, Mughals captured the Agra red fort, as well as on its fathomless property. This property was also a diamond, which was later called the famous kohinoor diamond. Then Babar came in place of Ibrahim in the fort. He made the here a baoli. In 1530, Coronation of Emperor Humayun happened here. Humayun was defeated by Sher Shah Suri in Bilgram this year and he was taken to the fort. Afghans captured the fort till five years, who eventually defeated by the Mughals in the second Battle of Panipat in 1556. Looking at the central location, Akbar decided to make it their capital, and came here in the year 1558. His historian Abul Fazal wrote that the fort was made by brick fort, whose name was Badlgdh. It was in very bad condition, and Akbar had it rebuilt, which he built from red sandstone. Its foundation was laid by great architects. It was built with bricks from the inside, and the outer casing been erected for the red sandstone. Its construction began 1.4 million forty four thousand and artisans and workers was worked for eight years, and then it was ready in 1573.

Akbar's grandson Shah Jahan as the site is currently transported. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife .He was trying to construct the buildings of white marble, which is inlaid with gold and precious gems.  It has many old buildings demolished and at the time of the creation of the Fort buildings, so that made the buildings in the Agra Red Fort.

In the last days of his life, Shah Jahan was imprisoned in the fort by his son Aurangzeb, a punishment was given the luxury of palaces in the Fort, was not so hard. It is said that Shah Jahan's death in Fort Musamman  burj, the Taj Mahal was Dekete. The burj  vents of the marble Taj Mahal is a very beautiful view.

Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Agra Red fort became home to the time of the war. After which the British East India Company's rule was ended in India, nearly a century of British rule straight away. After which independence was directly.

Structure of Agra Fort

The Agra Red Fort was won Agakhan Architectural Awardin 2004, after that India Postal department November 28, 2004, in memory of this great moment lunched a postage stamp.

agra red fort
Agra Red Fort Figure 2
The fort is a semi-circular portion, which is parallel to the side of the river Yamuna. The boundary walls are seventy feet high. There are double wall, which are at equal intervals between heavy turrets, with windows of the Cannon, and will continue to protect the posts. The four corners are four gates, one of which Kijdi door opens the river side

It has two gates, the Delhi gate and Lahore gate says (also known asthe Amar Singh gate Lahore gate).Delhi door of side is the most magnificent of all. Inside it is another door, say the elephant pole, either side, two West walker stone statues of elephants, which are still standing guard Star. The introduction of a door opening, which is built on the gap, and a thief door, make it invincible.

Delhi gate was the formal entrance of the Emperor; By the Indian Army (brigade), the northern part of the Agra red Fort is being used as the camp. So Delhi door is not open to the public. Tourists can enter the Lahore gate, which leads to Lahore (now in Pakistan) has been named so because of the home.

In terms of architectural history, this site is very important. Abul Fazl writes that approximately five hundred beautiful buildings, Bengali and Gujarati style became. Many white marble edifice was demolished to construct. Most of the British barracks building between 1803 to 1862, was broke. Currently barely three buildings on the south-east are remaining. The Delhi Gate and the castle-Bengali palace gate Akbar - Akbar's representative buildings.

There are several Hindu and Islamic architecture see the mixture. Forbidden in Islam, but in many Islamic decorations (forbidden) also provides samples, such as Ajhdhe, elephants and birds, which usually geometric patterns in Islamic decorations, Likhaiyan, verses, etc. cannot see the faces are in the decoration.

6 Nov 2014

Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur, Rajasthan

Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpur, Rajasthan Shahid Ali khan 5 of 5
The biggest Mehrangarh Fort is situated in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. This was the largest fort of 15th...

The biggest Mehrangarh Fort is situated in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. This was the largest fort of 15th century. Its located on high hill  122m above from the ground with eight gates and numerous towers surrounded by high wall is ten 10km. The fort has four doors linked with winding roads invisible from the outside the fort. Many grand palaces with amazing carved inside the Fort kivad, barred windows with inspiring name. These are remarkable Phool Mahal, Moti Mahal, Sileh food, Sheesh Mahal, Daulat Khana etc. Awesome collection of furnishings in these mansions fabrication Indian Rajveson. Additionally elephants sink, palanquins, musical instruments, miniature paintings of various styles, costumes and furniture is a fabulous collection.

Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpu
 Mehrangarh Fort figure 1 
History of Mehrangarh Fort

The fort is one of India's oldest forts and is the symbol of India's rich past. Ranmal  Rao the king of Jodhpur had 24 children and Rao Jhoda was one of them became the 15th  Rathore ruler. After a year of taking the reins of government Rao Jodha seemed that Mehrangarh fort was unsafe. Then he proposed the idea of creating a new fort on the hill 9 kilometers from his fort. There were enough birds. So the hill was known as the down bird. Rao Jodha laid the foundation of the fort on the hill in 12 May 1459 and Maharaja Jaswant Singh was completed this in 1638-78. Basically the fort had seven gates and the eighth gate was a secret door. The first  entrance was  packed with spike to prevent elephants attack. Others gate includes Jaypol gate build by Maharaja Man Singh in 1806. Fateh pole or Vijay gate built  by Maharaja Ajit Singh  in memory of his victory over the Mughals.

Mehrangarh Fort Jodhpu
Mehrangarh Fort figure 2
Rao jodha was deep faith in chamunda Mata. Chamunda is the kuldevi of the rulers of Jodhpur. Rao Jodha built the Chamunda Mata temple near by the Mehrangarh fort and established the statue in 1460. Temple doors were opened to the common public. Chamunda maa  not only kuldevi  of  the ruler, but also the Jodhpur’s local people. Still, millions of people are coming there for the worship of god. And here special prayers, perform in the days of Navratri.

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